post two responses to the ideas contained in two of your classmate’s posts of at least 150 words each. They should be insightful and substantial and not judge or evaluate your classmate’s post. For example: “Good job,” or “Great post” is not appropriate here. first post: Realism was one of the most important periods in French art. This was a time of the French Revolution and Industrial Revolution spurred dramatic change across the world. “Realism challenged readers to look past myths, assumptions, social norms, and other expectations in order to see the world as it really is”(Schuster). To depict the world this way, realist writers started to write about the lower and middle-class people. They would write about daily life in extreme detail. The goal behind this was to change society through literature. What many authors had in common was an interest in truth and a belief by honestly depicting the details of everyday life, writing could change the world.
There are a few different types of literary realism. The first one is naturalism. This explores the belief that science can explain all social and environmental phenomena. Characters are controlled by internal or external forces or the environment. A short story called “The Yellow Wallpaper” is about a woman who is suffering from post-partum depression, whose fate is already determined, is an example of naturalism. Additionally, she is controlled by her husband who believes he has the right to keep her confined for her treatment of depression. She believes that since he is a physician that is “one reason [she does] not get well faster” (647).
Charlotte Gilman was a prominent feminist, who rejected the traditional domestic life and published lots about the role of women in society. She found truth and reality in the thoughts and emotions of her characters in her books. She was a writer towards the beginning of the Progressive Era in the United States when many writers were writing to talk about social issues. In her book, “The Yellow Wallpaper” critiques traditional gender roles during the late nineteenth century. In the short story, John, her husband, is “practical in the extreme” (647), protective, and he “scoffs openly at any talk of things not to be felt and seen”(647). He does not let her do much without his help, he “hardly lets [her] stir without special direction” (648). He believes she has a “slight hysterical tendency”(648) and he forbids her from writing or any intellectual work until she is better. She disagrees with this but is powerless as she feels “basely ungrateful not to value it more” (648). This can be representative of how Gilman felt, restricted by traditional gender roles. Her husband represents a typical male view of the world and does not take his wife’s emotional concerns seriously. He does not see a “reason to suffer” (649) for her so he is satisfied and believes she is okay. He ignores her complaints and babies her. The narrator is not allowed to work, write, and her husband views her as fragile, emotional, etc. When the narrator starts to ask John to change the wallpaper he calls her a “blessed little goose”, belittling her and treating her like a powerless child. Her inability to communicate effectively with her husband shows that she is trapped by his authority. Later, there is a connection between the mysterious figure in the wall and the narrator. They both are trapped, desperate to escape her sickness and the grasp of society that has forced her into this room because of its views of women and mental health.
In conclusion, there are elements of naturalism in this short story including how women are treated in society and a sense of determinism, where the narrator feels like they are condemned and doomed. This is shown as her mental state is gradually deteriorating because of the societal treatment of women and mental disorders. However, it also showed how her husband’s attempted treatment worsens her health. The wallpaper symbolizes the narrator’s worsening mental state. When John refused to change the wallpaper, it shows how he fails to help her health as well.
Kate Chopin was one of the most significant writers during the Realist Movement. Chopin violated domestic ideals, in order to show a realistic approach to the lives of women. She wrote, “The Storm” which is a great example of realistic writing. She used believable events, natural dialogue, an objective approach that refrains from moral judgment. She makes the characters relatable with their descriiptions as neutral, “blue eyes”, “yellow hair”(2), etc. The main character, Calixta is an ordinary woman who spends her time cleaning, sewing, and taking care of clothing for her family. This short story also portrays the events realistically. It has sexual urges which were previously not talked about in literature. Calixta has an affair with Alcee Laballiere, a married man. It additionally has emotions that are realistic. Calixta’s sexuality is restrained by the pressure of her marriage and how society’s perspective was on women’s behavior. Since Bobinot(husband) and Bibi(son) were away from home she got the opportunity to reignite the passionate side of her personality which was repressed as part of her role as a wife and mother. The fact that her husband and son were out but she was stuck at home reflects the gender norms of the time, as men were supposed to provide for their family, while women took care of the house. “The Storm” suggests that women’s lives can go beyond their family and they can find other ways to be happy and fulfilled.
second post: One of the defining characteristics of Realism is depicted in the name itself, a movement that centered artistic expression around what people really experienced in the real world. Writers of this time peeled back the plastic layers that had previously covered works of writing and chose to instead reveal the often times ugly truth that lurked beneath. Topics such as increasing wealth gaps and societal inequalities came to light and were given new breath at this time.
The “ordinary” refers to situations that on a surface level present themselves as unremarkable. The two short stories “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and “The Blue Hotel” by Stephen Crane have “ordinary” settings, the first taking place as a couple vacations in summer home and the second being established in a hotel located in a small settlement on the edge of Fort Romper, Nebraska. These are a far cry from the stories of the previous unit, such as one that centered around the work of an alchemist. These two stories have intentionally created an atmosphere of regularity, yet illicit commentary based on these seemingly every-day settings. In “The Yellow Wallpaper”, the vacation that this couple goes on forces them to face deeply hidden troubles that brew beneath the outward appearance of their marriage. The wife’s nervous depression and at times erratic behavior is contrasted with the stereotypical practical, rationalistic demeanor of her husband.
The complexity of the character in this short story is sparked by the yellow wallpaper in the house. The narrator’s obsessive imagination brought on by the patterns of the wallpaper grow increasingly furious as her husband shuts down her cries for help. Gilman takes the ordinary setting of a couple going on vacation and uses it as a vessel to show the inequality with which women are treated even in a stereotypically “loving relationship”. The story strips away the society’s expectations of a marriage in addition to commenting on mental illness and the horrors induced by a lack of understanding do to an individual.
“The Blue Hotel” goes a slightly different route, introducing to the reader a series of characters in this Wild West hotel. This tale of vulnerability and violence caters to the themes of Realism as the three strangers from the train mask their feelings for the purpose of projecting the appearance of strength, sizing each other up in a battle of masculinity. These ordinary individuals going about their ordinary lives depicts the isolation even amongst other people and shows the ugly side of human interaction.
The “ordinary” of Realism is fed by a search for the truth. How do people really interact with one another, how do people really express emotion, what do people really want. A writer’s response to these questions is made possible by placing one’s characters into daily activities. The reader is able to most easily interact with the writing as well as reflect on its extension into their own life because the subject matter is something that the masses can relate to.
pls write separate responds for each one , each should be 150 worlds at least . thank u
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