Discuss 2 innovations in film style that 1960s European auteurs used according to Bordwell.

We have now seen films and sequences that are examples called European “Art Cinema.”  The innovations and characteristics of these European auteurs was often meant to counter the traditions of the Classic Hollywood cinema style.  Film scholar David Bordwell discusses several characteristics and innovations of European auteurs (or “stylists” as he calls them) in his essay “Bergman, Antonioni and the Stubborn Stylists.”  He also raises some critiques in evaluating European art cinema.  Read Bordwell’s essay (link below & under the Week 4 Module), then answer the discussion question.
“Bergman, Antonioni and the Stubborn Stylists” (Links to an external site)
After reading Bordwell, post your response to both parts of the Discussion Question to share your reflections with the class.  To post, click on the Reply button.  Please answer in full sentences and proofread your answers.  As a reminder, no late discussion posts will be accepted.  Worth 10 points.
Discussion Question (2 parts):
Part 1:  In your own words, discuss 2 innovations in film style that 1960s European auteurs used according to Bordwell.
Part 2:  Bordwell points to several critiques of these early European “art cinema” films.  From your own experience of watching the films and sequences of Italian directors Fellini & Antonioni, the French New Wave & Scandinavian director Ingmar Bergman, do you agree with any of the critiques?  What have been the most challenging and/or innovative aspects to you about these films and sequences?  Give at least 2 specific examples.

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